Before we dive into hip bursitis, first let's discuss what a bursa is. Bursae are small fluid filled sacs that create a cushion between joints and muscles to decrease friction.
*Image used from Vivehealth.com
Hip Bursitis, or Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome, occurs when a bursa in the hip becomes irritated and inflamed. Typically pain occurs on the outer part of the hip and increases with activity or compression. Imbalances with strength, mobility, how you walk, stand, or perform certain activities can increase stress over a joint which increases inflammation.
Causes of Hip Bursitis:
Trauma: acute or repetitive stress or strain
Age >40 yrs old
History of hip injuries and/or surgery
Bone spurs, calcium deposits, decreased hip mobility/range of motion
Inflammatory diseases such as RA, or going through immunotherapy treatments
In order to effectively mitigate symptoms from hip bursitis, exercise modification is key in the early stages. This does not mean complete, sedentary rest, but rather choosing exercises that don't irritate the bursa and allow it to heal.
Once the inflammation has calmed down, you gradually rebuild your strength, reintroduce functional movements, and return to full participation in your sport or activity. Your Physical Therapist will be able to guide you on which exercises to do and when.